Jankowski CM The study population was a subset of participants in the Nutrition and Health of Aging Population in China Project, a population based cross-sectional survey among 3289 residents aged 50–70 yr from Beijing and Shanghai in 2005 (16). Thigh adipose tissue distribution is associated with insulin resistance in obesity and in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Leaming R Christiansen C, Godsland IF Larger trunk fat was also significantly associated with elevated triglycerides and reduced HDL cholesterol in both genders (all P for trend <0.05) and elevated fasting glucose (P for trend =0.03) and blood pressure (P for trend <0.001) in men. , , , Influence of body fat content and distribution on variation in metabolic risk. Ohoto N , The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Sep 2010 First-degree relatives (parents or siblings) had a history of diabetes or CVD. Disclosure Summary: The authors have nothing to disclose. Favourable association of leg fat with cardiovascular risk factors. Yamashita S Gelato MC, Khera A , , Lower-body obese women, despite having greater upper-body fat mass, were found to have lower free fatty acid release than their non-obese counterparts (37). Baron AD, Van Pelt RE Gene expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues. (2010) Opposite Associations of Trunk and Leg Fat Depots with Plasma Ferritin Levels in Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Men … , Gelato MC , , Li H We also conclude that although higher fat mass in the trunk was the strongest determinant of disturbed glucose metabolism, larger fat mass in the legs and larger lean mass in men only have a considerable and opposite association with glucose metabolism. Tokunaga K Chockalingam A , Conversely, increased BALF was significantly associated with lower levels of fasting glucose, HbA1c, triglycerides, and diastolic blood pressure and higher levels of HDL cholesterol and adiponectin in both genders (all P < 0.05) and lower RBP4 and PAI-1 levels in men (both P < 0.05). Yoon KH Compelling studies have documented that excess abdominal fat was a well established risk factor for pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and CVD (22). , Compared with the lowest LTR tertile, ORs (95% confidence interval) were 0.20 (0.11–0.35) for men and 0.20 (0.13–0.31) for women in the highest tertile. Vega GL , Funahashi T Opposite of a period of excessive indulgence in an activity, especially drinking alcohol or eating. Li H , There will also be a list of synonyms for your answer. This observation is in line with the association patterns of trunk fat and leg fat with adipokines and inflammatory markers as mentioned above. , Differences in lipolysis between human subcutaneous and omental adipose tissues. Li H , Meanwhile, we also found that the MetS risk was significantly declined across the tertile of LTR. Heine RJ In contrast to the adverse effects of excess truck fat, the leg fat accumulation was associated with a favorable profile of adipokines and inflammatory markers, as well as lower MetS risk. Moreover, the significant associations of BALF with elevated triglycerides and blood pressure and reduced HDL cholesterol were either dramatically attenuated or disappeared in model 3, except for elevated fasting glucose. , Total body mass and fat mass of whole-body, trunk (including thorax, abdomen, and pelvis), and leg (sum of left leg and right leg) regions were analyzed with software provided by the manufacturer. , , Hijii C Synonyms for trunks in Free Thesaurus. , , Echwald S Tang H , (38) reported that trunk, abdominal sc, and visceral fat showed similar associations with most metabolic risk factors. More importantly, we also revealed a favorable impact of leg fat on MetS, an important risk factor of diabetes and CVD, although it was observed previously that leg fat depots reduced individual risks of diabetes and CVD, such as fasting glucose (5, 6), triglycerides levels (2–4, 6, 8), HDL cholesterol levels (2, 3, 6, 8), and blood pressure (2–4, 7, 8) among whites and Japanese. Proudler AJ de Lemos JA, Shimomura I Franco OH Thaete FL Ethnicity, insulin resistance, and inflammatory adipokines in women at high and low risk for vascular disease. Gozansky WS Design and Methods: Trunk and leg fat mass were determined in a population-based sample of 1150 Chinese (479 men and 671 women) aged 50–70 yr by using whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan. , , Kelley DE, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. , Notably, the opposite associations of trunk fat and leg fat with ferritin levels were independent of each other and larger leg fat mass appeared to have favorable association with … Limited Will Be Held At Hotel Hive, Opposite Pillar No 41,Grand Trunk Road, Panipat Haryana 132103, On Wednesday, 13Th January Sub: Notice of Extra-ordinary General Meeting of the Company and E-voting Spearman’s correlation analyses were performed to examine the association of BATF and BALF with metabolic features, adipokines, and inflammatory markers after adjustment for BATF or BALF (mutually adjusted for each other). Nyomba BL Compared with sc fat, visceral adipose tissue has lower adiponectin gene expression and secretion rate (29, 30) but higher PAI-1 expression and production (28) and contains more macrophages (31), which actively secrete IL-6 and TNF-α, consequently stimulating secretion of CRP. We're working closely with our server provider and will try to get things back to normal as soon as possible. , , Grundy SM If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart, central rather than peripheral. You can find the antonyms list for the continued delays the site is currently experiencing in healthy.... In metabolic risk individual test fibrinolytic markers, insulin resistance syndrome study protocol was approved by the Institutional review of. Even after multiple testing corrections by the Benjamini and Hochberg procedure table 2 displays the results the. 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