[1][2] Most of the British police ranks that exist today were chosen by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police, enacted under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829. The rank of Special Constable and Special Sergeant feature the force emblems. Upon being sworn in, each officer starts at the rank of constable and is required to undergo a two-year probationary period. In addition to the epaulettes being a green colour rather than a black, this is to match their green uniforms. Chief Constable – This person is responsible for the running of their Police Service, and reports directly to the elected members of the Police Authority. Under section 107 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (England and Wales only), sergeants and chief inspectors may be designated (by an officer of at least the rank of superintendent) to exercise the powers of an inspector or a superintendent respectively. Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom. Although the large and varied number of federal, state, and local police and sheriff's departments have different ranks, a general model, from highest to lowest rank, would be: Police corporals will often act as a lead officer in field situations when a sergeant is not present. The rank system forms the base of Bangladesh Police structure and it defines a senior and subordinates police officer’s position, role and degree of responsibilities. The rank is senior to that of Constable and junior to that of Inspector. In a few departments, such as New York City and Philadelphia,[6][dead link] officers from the rank of lieutenant and up wear a white shirt instead of the dark blue or black uniform shirt common to lower-ranked police officers. - Colonel Superintendent (Supt.) For example, rank insignia and collar numbers on epaulettes are gold, as are the bands and oak leaves on the caps of senior officers, and officers of or above the rank of commander wear gold-on-black gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. The gorget patches are patterned after those worn by general officers of the British Army and Royal Marines; the police versions, however, are of silver on black (gold on black in the City of London Police) rather than gold on red, in keeping with the police uniform colours. Police rank was the established order of commanding responsibility between the various police officers of a law enforcement agency. Within the British Police, all police officers are sworn in as and hold the basic powers of a constable. There is a large variation in the design of epaulettes used across Great Britain for specials. Temporary ranks are often used for set periods (e.g. Superintendents and chief superintendents wear a row of oak leaves within the silver band. - General Director Deputy Director General (DDG) - Lieutenant General Director (Dir.) - Brigadier General Senior Superintendent (S/Supt.) You will have general duties that include patrolling streets and/or highways, and working in the jail; 2. [15] This has been recognised at national level and as part of the Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018–2023 the structure and insignia is under review with the intention to standardise. Officers from the police forces of Scotland and Northern Ireland and non-territorial special police forces have different jurisdictions. With minor exceptions, officers do not normally skip ranks. Therefore, ranks such as inspector have collar/warrant numbers displayed on their public order colour-coded epaulettes that they might not have as part of their normal uniform. In most forces these identification numbers are simple numbers, with one to five digits. On the other hand, under section 36 of that Act, only substantive sergeants may be appointed custody officers. These are usually referred to as shoulder or collar numbers, referring to the fact that they were once worn on the uniform collar and later on the epaulettes by constables and sergeants. Kent Police, for instance, refers to its numbers as force numbers and officers wear them on a velcro tab on their stab vest or on a badge attached to their shirt or tunic. Police officer/patrol officer/police detective. The Police constables supervise the work of Special constables. The fabric used in the crowns is blue, whereas other police forces use red. The Metropolitan Police, being a much bigger force, uses a different system: The borough code is a two-letter code which follows the digits (but displayed above them on epaulettes). 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